Why is body composition analysis an effective tool for treating cardiovascular diseases?
Body composition is important for understanding a patient’s cardiovascular health. High blood volume, increased water levels in the body, strains on the heart are all issues that stem from conditions like obesity. BMI is commonly used to determine a patient’s risk for cardiovascular disease; however, BMI overlooks a patients’ visceral fat that is often linked to a higher risk for cardiovascular risk. By using this method, doctors cannot determine how much of a patient’s body is muscle or fat.
On the other hand, body composition analysis differentiates between a patient’s muscle, fat, and water levels. Studies have proven InBody DSM-BIA body composition analyzers are an effective tool for treating patients with cardiovascular disease and improving surgical outcomes. InBody devices ensure cardiology professionals can be certain that the outputs generated accurately reflect changes within the patient.
In less than 60 seconds, cardiology professionals receive an InBody Result Sheet (body composition printout) that can aid in:
- Obtaining objective fluid measures and guide fluid management strategies
- Effectively monitoring nutrition status and guide nutritional interventions
- Accurately tracking patient progress and predict surgical outcomes
Empowered by objective data, clinicians will be able to more effectively identify, treat and manage lymphedema, improving the success of patients and their programs.
Assess cellular health to assess surgical risks and outcomes
Phase angle, a measure of how the cells respond to the electrical currents used to measure body composition, reflects cell membrane integrity and has been linked to survival in various oncological populations. When cells are healthy, they are better able to resist these currents utilized by the InBody, resulting in a higher phase angle.
Monitor nutritional status of cardiac patients
Phase angle reflects changes in cellular health that occur before the onset of cardiac cachexia or circulation issues. Monitoring of changes in phase angle is not only used to track patient status but is closely linked to surgical risks and outcomes in cardiac patients.
By assessing these outputs over time, a patient’s nutritional status can be monitored as they progress through a rehabilitation program and complications related to interventions or surgeries can potentially be avoided.
Improve quality of cardiac rehabilitation
After a cardiac event, patients often undergo rehabilitation, consisting of health education, nutrition counseling, and exercise training, to improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of recurrence. However, cardiac rehabilitation programs rely on BMI as a marker for change in nutritional status even though it is not an effective method for tracking changes in body composition and health status.
Ability to develop individualized treatment plans
By using InBody, professionals can monitor a patient’s muscle-fat balance to guide nutritional interventions and track progress throughout the rehabilitation program. InBody measures of lean mass and Edema Index can further aid in the assessment of muscle loss that may be masked by increase fluid retention.
InBody provides the patient a more accurate representation of their muscle and fat balance with percent body fat while also tracking changes in muscle, fat and fluid over time through the Body Composition History section. This chart provides an educational outline to start discussion towards lifestyle change and can guide nutritional interventions as well as monitor exercise progress through rehabilitation programs. Patients are provided a visual representation of progress to stay motivated while professionals are able to make adjustments to their programs as needed.
SEGMENTAL ECW/TBW WATER ANALYSIS
Assess fluid balance in each body segment
InBody provides an Edema Index, the precise measurement of the ratio of extracellular to total body water. Monitoring the Edema Index (ECW/TBW) provides an assessment of fluid accumulation in the extracellular space resulting from compromised cardiovascular function. The Edema Index reflects changes in cardiac and circulatory function, underlying circulation issues, and the effectiveness of diuretics. By using the Edema Index to assess fluid balance, cardiology professionals can develop more effective fluid management strategies to improve patient outcomes.
Diagnose circulation issues
In addition to Whole Body ECW/TBW, Edema Indices specific to each segment of the body (arms, legs, and trunk) indicate where region-specific fluid imbalances may be occurring. The arms and legs can be monitored separately to identify circulation issues in the extremities, and truncal edema, which is often the most difficult to identify, can now be quantified and monitored.