Body composition is important for understanding someone’s cardiovascular health. High blood volume, increased water levels in the body, strains on the heart are all issues that stem from conditions like obesity. Cardiology is a branch of medicine that specializes in areas of the heart and parts of the circulatory system. Cardiologists typically discuss heart health, which can be influenced by diet and exercise.
Clinical Methods for determining cardiovascular health include:
Many doctors use BMI, a ratio that compares a person’s height to their weight to determine a patient's risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Typically, body composition isn’t used to determine if someone is at risk for CVD. BMI also overlooks a patients’ visceral fat, or the fat surrounding organs, that is often linked to a higher risk for CVD. By using this method, doctors cannot determine how much of a patient’s body is muscle or fat.
InBody’s four core technologies give doctors the ability to provide an accurate and precise health assessment to their patients who are overweight or have risk factors associated with CVD. The data generated by the InBody provide outputs such as body fat percentage, total body water and lean body mass. InBody devices also provide Visceral Fat Analysis so doctors and patients can monitor changes in the fat around organs. InBody devices can also identify swelling or fluid retention, which can put extra strain on the heart and lead to further issues.
InBody technology provides accurate measures of body composition through its four core technologies.
Multi-frequency Measurements are able to measure ECW and ICW, giving an accurate depiction of total body water and body composition.
Direct Segmental Measurements divide the body into five separate cylinders to measure the impedance for each segment.
InBody’s 8-Point Tactile System with Thumb Electrodes offers reproducibility because tests are always measured from the same starting place.
Lastly, these mentioned technologies combined eliminate any need for empirical data (assumptions for body composition based on factors like age, gender or ethnicity).
Want to know more about InBody's four core technologies?
InBody Result Sheets provide many valuable data points for patients who might be at risk or already have CVD. Changes in percent body fat and skeletal mass are saved in Body Composition History. This allows a doctor to see if diet and exercise are decreasing CVD risks or lessening disease severity. Visceral fat outputs can be a useful tool for monitoring health risk as CVD is associated with higher visceral fat levels.
By introducing diet and exercise plans, improvements visceral fat outputs should be seen. Outputs that are body water sensitive can be linked with conditions like swelling or fluid retention. Swelling can put extra strain on the heart and lead to further health issues, like kidney problems. High water outputs from unknown origin could be a potential indicator of something as harmless as eating salty foods the day before, to something more serious like reaction to medication, edema or heart or kidney problems. The more information about body composition, the better prepared the physician is to develop a health strategy to improve their client’s health.
Support for the InBody in the field of Cardiologic Research:
This study examined optimal cutoff percentages of body fat (PBF) in Korean adults for predicting obesity-related CVD risk factors. CVD risk factors increased with PBF for both men and women, demonstrating the importance of determining cutoffs to help guide treatment/prevention of disorders related to obesity.
Kim (2011) – Optimal cutoffs for percentage body fat for predicting obesity-related cardiovascular disease risk factors in Korean adults.
In this study InBody was used in a behavioral intervention program to track body composition changes, which coincided with improvements in cardiovascular health. Each physical indicator examined showed statistical and clinical improvement after the 6-month program. This study shows the utility of using the InBody to track body composition and predict CVD risk.
Huang (2013) – Effects of a workplace multiple cardiovascular disease risks reduction program.
Results indicate that regular and continuous line dancing exercise was effective in improving body composition, visceral fat, serum lipids, leptin, ghrelin, and HOMA-IR among postmenopausal women. Therefore, line dance exercise may be an effective measure for preventing cardiovascular diseases caused by obesity in this population.
Lee (2017) – Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Serum Blood Lipids, Leptin, Ghrelin, and HOMR-IR Factors in Postmenopausal Obese Women. In this study, obese postmenopausal women completed a 16-week line dancing program.