270 Result Sheet Interpretation

What does your InBody Result Sheet mean?

Hover over different parts of the InBody Result Sheet to get a brief overview of what each body composition output means. If you would like a more in-depth result sheet interpretation, please scroll down to see each section’s interpretation.

Body Composition Analysis displays the weight of Total Body Water (Intracellular water (ICW) and extracellular water (ECW)), Dry Lean Mass, and Body Fat Mass. Body weight is the total of these three components.
Muscle-Fat Analysis uses bar graphs to provide a comparison between weight, skeletal muscle mass, and body fat mass. The lengths of the bar graphs indicate the relationship between the current weight to the average value for that specific segment, based on the examinee’s height.
Obesity Analysis displays both BMI and Percent Body Fat (PBF). PBF is a more accurate determination of your health because it compares your fat levels to your weight. Although outdated, BMI is included on the InBody Result Sheets because it is commonly used in scientific research.
The Segmental Lean Analysis graph is an effective and informed assessment of lean mass distribution within the five segments of a user’s body. This helps professionals closely monitor changes and make adjustments as necessary.
After an InBody Test is taken, results are saved onto the device and can be recalled if an ID is entered at the beginning of the test. The cumulative graph quickly shows changes in the examinee’s body composition and allows for dietary-exercise modifications.
Body Fat Mass-Lean Body Mass Control gives the examinee a guideline so they can adjust their diet and exercise in order to attain a healthy Percent Body Fat. This data is useful in monitoring clients’ health and helps facilitate trust between health professionals and their clients.
Lean Body Mass is the sum of Total Body Water and Dry Lean Mass.
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the amount of calories a person needs to keep the body functioning while at rest. A person with more Lean Body Mass would have a higher BMR than a person with less Lean Body Mass.
InBody provides a Results Interpretation QR Code to give the examinee additional information about their Result Sheet. To access supplemental Result Sheet information, simply scan the image with a QR code scanner.
InBody provides segmental impedance values at varying frequencies to obtain an accurate analysis of the body.

Everything you need to know to interpret InBody Results and start offering your clients the insights they need to improve their health & wellness.

The InBody Result Sheet, if used properly, can be one of the most powerful tools at your disposal to guide, train, and care for your clients in ways that were never before possible. However, to unlock the power of the InBody Result Sheet, you need to become familiar with how it reports information, and even more importantly, what you can do with it.

Packed into the InBody Result Sheet is the health and fitness information that anyone who deals with the health and wellness of their clients absolutely needs if they want to be the best professional they can be.

You’ll learn what the terms on the Result Sheet mean, why they’re valuable, and the strategies you can use to implement this invaluable data into your business and with your clients.

If you have any questions at all, visit our contact page and an InBody Specialist will be happy to assist you with anything you’d like to know.

* The information provided is to be used for educational/informational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. Only certified medical & health professionals may diagnose patients and provide such advice.

Chapter 1: Body Composition Analysis & Body Water

Body Composition Analysis

IN THIS SECTION, YOU’LL LEARN:
  • How to understand a body composition breakdown
  • How to determine if muscle growth has truly occurred

At the top of the Result Sheet is your client’s basic body composition breakdown.

T he InBody 270 Result Sheet starts with Total Body Water on the top and moves down. You can see how Total Body Water, Dry Lean Mass, and Body Fat Mass equals your Weight.

Starting from the top, you have Total Body Water. This shows how much of your weight is made up of water.

Below Total Body Water is Dry Lean Mass (DLM). This is the weight of the protein and mineral content in the body. Although this is an often underused section of the Result Sheet, it can reveal some very interesting insights.

Breaking It Down

Because muscle is made up of mostly protein, and DLM by definition excludes body water, if you see your client’s DLM increase, then generally this is seen as a sign they have gained muscle.

Below DLM is Body Fat Mass. This reports all of the body fat in the person testing, including both the surface level (subcutaneous) and internal (visceral).

By adding Total Body Water and DLM together, you can get the total Lean Body Mass (LBM). LBM is the weight of everything in the body that is not body fat. This includes muscle, water, bones, organs – everything that is not Body Fat.

Chapter 2: Muscle, Fat, & Obesity Risk

Muscle-Fat Analysis

In this section, you’ll learn:
  • How to gain new insights from Muscle-Fat Analysis
  • How to easily identify common body types

For many people, this section of the Result Sheet is one of their favorite sections.

Why? Because it allows you to categorize different body types more easily. This section makes it simple for you to give your clients a good, general idea about their current overall body composition and what changes they need to make.

How to read the numbers at the top

The percentages above the bar graphs allow you to compare your client to others of the same height and gender. While the healthy range varies based on the parameter, the 100% mark indicates the healthy average for the individual’s height and gender. So, if the weight bar increased to 130%, this would mean that the client is 30% above average.

Similarly, if your client’s weight bar extended to 70%, this would mean that they have 30% less mass than is considered the healthy average for their height.

Breaking It Down

This graph lets you show your client how their body composition compares against people of the same height and gender.

Muscle-Fat Analysis has three components:

WEIGHT
Total Body Weight

SKELETAL MUSCLE MASS (SMM)
The total weight of your client’s Skeletal Muscle. These are the muscles that can be grown and developed through exercise. Unlike LBM, which includes everything that isn’t body fat, you can view an increase in SMM as actual muscle gain.

BODY FAT MASS
This is how much body fat your client has, and combines both the surface level and internal fat.

The Muscle-Fat Analysis also tells you whether your client has a healthy balance of SMM and Body Fat Mass in respect to his or her weight.

Breaking It Down

The Muscle-Fat Analysis graph allows you to get a rough understanding of your client’s overall body composition in one quick glance. By looking at the lengths of each bar and how they compare to each other, you can better understand how to help your client reach their goals.

The Basic Body Types: “C-Shape”

A C-shaped individual has a shorter bar length for SMM than for Weight and Body Fat Mass. Although this is characteristic of someone who is overweight or obese, you may see this shape in someone who is within the healthy range or underweight, too.

Breaking it Down

You would want to advise a client with a Muscle-Fat Analysis graph that looks like this to reduce their Body Fat Mass (which would also lower their Weight) and increase their Skeletal Muscle Mass. Ultimately, the client should get their BFM as close to the recommeneded range as possible and SMM close to or above the recommended range.

The Basic Body Types: “I-Shape”

An I-shaped individual has a “balanced” body composition, meaning their Weight, Skeletal Muscle Mass, and Body Fat Mass bars roughly form a straight line.

Although people with this body composition are often at a healthy weight or body fat percentage, there are still areas in which they can focus on to maintain or improve overall health.

Breaking It Down

If you are working with a client who has an I-shaped body composition, you should find out their overall health goals before making any recommendations.

Typically, I-shaped individuals have a proportional muscle-fat balance, so they are in a good position to focus on gaining muscle mass or reducing body fat to improve their overall physique.

The Basic Body Types: “D-Shape”

A D-shaped person has a longer SMM bar than their Weight and Body Fat Mass bar. Usually, this is indicative of an “athletic” body type and is considered to be the ideal body composition shape, but if the Weight and Body Fat Mass bars are above the recommended ranges, then they should reduce their fat mass to get to the ideal range.

If you are working with a client who has this type of body composition, they likely already have specific fitness goals in mind that you can help them achieve.

Breaking It Down

Your client may want to improve their strength and shape. In this case, you would want to monitor their SMM bar and Body Fat Mass bars to make sure that SMM increases without a significant increase in Body Fat Mass.

Others may want to lose body fat and become leaner. For a client with this goal, you would want to monitor their Body Fat Mass while taking care to prevent the loss of SMM. If SMM losses become too significant, make the necessary adjustments.

Obesity Analysis

In this section, you’ll learn:
  • How to measure your client’s body fat percentage
  • What weight and BMI may not be telling your client about body fat.

The Obesity Analysis includes the signature metric of any body composition analysis: Percent Body Fat (PBF).

It’s a deceptively simple metric – a division of body fat mass by total weight – but it is a much better indicator of the risk of obesity than BMI, which is one of the major reasons BMI is still included in the analysis – to highlight its flaws by comparing it to PBF.

What’s the difference between BMI and PBF?

On the InBody Result Sheet, you’ll see a set of ranges for BMI and PBF.

For BMI, 18.5 –24.99 kg/m2 is the normal range according to the World Health Organization. This normal range is presented on the Result Sheet, although the InBody device can be programmed to use a different range.

For PBF, the ranges differ for men and women, as women tend to carry more body fat than men due to their reproductive system as well as genetics. The example above is a graph that represents a female individual, and the normal range for females is set at 18-28%, with the average being 23%.

Breaking It Down

You can show your client their body fat percentage to help them understand their health and fitness better. BMI should not be used. According to the WHO, BMI is a population-level measure of obesity, and a rough guide for individuals.

The healthy range

For men, the healthy range is between 10-20%

For women, the healthy range is between 18-28%

InBody calculates the recommended Percent Body Fat ranges for men and women based on ACSM and ACE guidelines.

Body Composition History

In this section, you’ll learn:
  • How to recognize trends in body composition
  • How to identify positive or negative changes in body composition with respect to weight

At the bottom of the Result Sheet is the Body Composition History, which automatically tracks some of the most important body composition metrics. This makes it really easy to identify trends over time.

Take, for example, the results above. These results represent an athletic, D-shaped individual whose goal was to gain muscle and lose body fat.

Tracking positive change

As you can see, the program this individual adopted has clearly been successful. In a little over two months, his weight has only increased by 3.5 pounds, yet he has gained about 4 pounds of muscle and dropped his percentage body fat by 0.5%. By any measure, this would be an indication of success and he is on the right track.

Breaking It Down

If your client’s results look like the above example, the current exercise and/or diet regimen they’ve adopted would appear to be effective. Little modifications to diet or exercise are likely needed, but you should continue to monitor trends carefully.

Tracking negative change

The Body Composition History also makes it easy to raise red flags when negative changes in body composition occur, especially when they are disguised by a seemingly “positive” change of reduced body weight.

If you have a client whose graph looks similar, by testing this client’s body composition and seeing their overall trend, you would be able to see that much of this weight loss is due to the slow loss of muscle, leading to a higher percentage body fat.

Breaking It Down

A graph like this can be a real eye-opener for a client because it shows that negative changes in body composition can occur if his or her weight remains the same or even decreases for the wrong reason.

This person needs to be guided towards a solution that helps them retain their muscle mass with some combination of nutrition and strength training.

Chapter 3: Segmental Lean Analysis: Your Magnifying Glass

Segmental Lean Analysis

In this section, you’ll learn:
  • How to spot problem areas in your client’s development
  • How your client compares to others
  • How to assess if your client is sufficiently developed in all segments of the body
  • How to identify if your client has muscle imbalances

There are many valuable outputs on the Result Sheet. However, the Segmental Lean Analysis, if used properly is arguably the most powerful section of the Result Sheet.

Lean Body Mass vs. Muscle Mass

In order to fully understand this section, you must fully understand what it is not. The information in the Segmental Lean Analysis shows how much Lean Body Mass is contained in each segment; not how much “muscle” is in each segment.

This is an important distinction, which you can learn more about in our blog post “Lean Body Mass vs. Skeletal Muscle Mass: What’s The Difference?

While it is true that Skeletal Muscle gains in a body segment will be reflected as gains in the Segmental Lean Analysis chart, not every gain in Lean Body Mass can be explained by muscle. That’s because Lean Body Mass also accounts for body water. This makes this chart useful not just for tracking muscle, but also for injury and disease states.

TOP AND BOTTOM DATA POINTS

The InBody divides the body into 5 body segments: the two arms, two legs, and the trunk, which can be thought of as covering the area between the neck and legs. The information for each body segment is reported as two bars.

THE TOP SECTION

The top section shows how much Lean Body Mass in pounds is in a given segment.

THE BOTTOM SECTION

The bottom section is different. The number shown is comparing your client’s Lean Body Mass against their measured body weight. This shows whether or not your client has enough Lean Body Mass to support their own body weight, where 100% = sufficient.

Breaking it Down

If you’re working with a client, this section can show them exactly which area(s) they should focus on increasing their Lean Body Mass. This will help them achieve a more balance body composition and may have other positive effects, such as body fat reduction, as well.

Which clients may be unbalanced?

Identifying an underdeveloped body segment can be difficult without Segmental Lean Analysis. While any person can theoretically have an underdeveloped body segment, some groups of clients may be at more risk than others.

Here are a few groups who may have an elevated risk of having underdeveloped body segments:

Here are three:

1. Sedentary adults
Sedentary adults who do not exercise commonly have below-average Segmental Lean Mass usually in their legs, which may be due to having jobs that require them to sit throughout most of the day.

2. “Skinny Fat” individuals (sarcopenic obese)

People who are “skinny fathave too much body fat and not enough muscle mass recommended for optimal health. This imbalance between fat and muscle mass can result in a body weight that is in the healthy range and may lead the client to believe that they do not need to make any changes. This client may have one or more segments below 100%.

3. The elderly
It is common for the elderly to have low Lean Body Mass due to their tendency to lose muscle as a result of decreased activity. This impacts their ability to stay mobile as they age and puts them at greater risk of falling and breaking bones.

UPPER/LOWER MUSCLE IMBALANCE

Upper/lower body imbalances are fairly common in today’s increasingly sedentary workforce, and you’ll likely encounter cases where the upper body is developed, but the lower body isn’t, like in the example below.

Breaking It Down

If your client looks like this, they need to increase the LBM in their lower legs. Even though the upper body is sufficiently developed, the lower body is still at risk of injury due to the low amount of Lean Body Mass. This client, despite a well-developed upper body, needs to increase the muscle mass in their lower body for more balance .

RIGHT/LEFT MUSCLE IMBALANCE

Another imbalance the Segmental Lean Analysis can reveal is the imbalance between the right and left arms and/or legs.

BREAKING IT DOWN

If you are working with a client whose body composition looks like this, it is helpful to establish their baseline to determine the cause of the imbalance.

Chapter 4: Customizable Outputs

 In this section, you’ll learn:
  • How to guide a client to the recommended Body Fat Percentage
  • How to use BMR to offer nutritional guidance

O n the right-hand side of the Result Sheet are a series of additional outputs that you can mix and match to suit your business needs. Depending on which InBody unit you are using, the outputs available may vary.

BODY FAT-LEAN BODY MASS CONTROL

This section makes it incredibly simple to set goals for your client. It is designed to help your client achieve the average recommended PBF for their gender (15% for men, 23% for women).

Depending on your client’s current Muscle-Fat balance, this section of the Result Sheet will recommend adjusting Body Fat Mass and/or LBM in order to reach the target PBF.

If your client is overfat, the InBody will advise losing a certain number of pounds of fat mass and maintaining or increasing LBM. The InBody will never recommend losing LBM.

Breaking It Down

These recommendations are meant to be general guidelines for helping individuals achieve optimal health. However, your clients may have their own set of goals, and these should be discussed prior to planning a routine for meeting those goals.

LEAN BODY MASS

By adding Total Body Water and DLM together, you can get the total Lean Body Mass (LBM). LBM is the weight of everything in the body that is not body fat. This includes muscle, water, bones, organs – everything that is not Body Fat.

BASAL METABOLIC RATE (BMR)

The Basal Metabolic Rate, or BMR, is the number of calories your client needs in order to maintain their basic essential functions. This value allows you to guide your clients’ nutritional plans, which is essential to helping them reach their body composition goals.

Your clients might not fully understand what the BMR is, and they may think that their BMR is the number of calories they should eat in a day – This is NOT the case! BMR does not take into account any calories needed to perform daily activities, and so your client’s actual caloric need for the day is likely much higher than their BMR.

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